Saturday, December 29, 2012

Declaration Against Edward Manning

Declaration against Webster, Bayneham, Manning, Ford, and Yard, who are active against the Parliament in Holland.

"Whereas John Webster, Theophilus Bayneham, Edward Maning, Richard Ford, and James Yard, Merchants, contrary to their Allegiance and Duty, have done and committed several Actions, tending to the Destruction of this Kingdom, and to maintain the bloody and most unnatural War now raised against the Parliament and Kingdom: It is Declared, by the Lords and Commons now assembled in Parliament, That the said John Webster, Theophilus Bayneham, Edward Manning, Richard Ford, and James Yard, have, by the said Actions, manifested themselves to be Incendiaries and Enemies to the Parliament and Kingdom of England: And be it Ordained, by the said Lords and Commons, That if any Person or Subject of this Kingdom shall, after Publication hereof, employ the said John Webster, Theophilus Bayneham, Edward Maning, Richard Ford, and James Yard, or any of them, in their Service, as Factors, or otherwise, in Trading or Merchandize, or consign or convey any Money, Merchandize, or Goods, to them, or any of them, or to others to their or any of their Use or Uses, That all such Goods shall be taken and seized on as forfeited; and such Persons, for sending such Money, Goods, and Merchandize, to be taken as Aiders and Maintainers of Persons that are Traitors and Rebels; and that the Deputy Governors and Assistants of the Fellowship of the Merchant Adventurers residing at Rotterdam, in Holland, do forthwith exclude the Persons above-named their Court, and from all Meetings of the said Fellowship, and not permit them to enjoy any Privilege or Immunity granted or belonging to the said Fellowship and Company; and that the said Deputy Governor and Assistants do forthwith cause the said Theophilus Bayneham, James Yard, and Richard Ford, to be apprehended and taken, and to be sent over into this Kingdom, to be proceeded with as Incendiaries between The States of the United Provinces and Parliament of England, and as Persons that have attempted to break the Amity and long-continued Union and Friendship between the said Two Nations."

Issued in 1644 under the reign of King Charles I,  Catholic King. It is believed that the Manning's( Protestants)  left England  in 1635 to avoid religious persecution. 

Knight Marshall of the King's Household

The Knight Marshal is a former office in the British Royal Household established by King Henry III in 1236. The position later became a Deputy to the Earl Marshal from the reign of Henry VIII until the office was abolished in 1846 .[1]
The Knight Marshal and his men were responsible for maintaining order within the King's Court (Court of Marshalsea or Palace Court) which was abolished in 1849.
According to The Present State of the British Court, published in 1720,
"The Knight Marshal is an Officer employ'd in the King's Court or Marshalsea, and the Marshal's Men under him are properly the King's Bailiffs. They arrest in the Verge of the Court {i.e. within a 12 mile radius of the Sovereign's palace} when a Warrant is back'd by the Board of Green-cloth. The Knight Marshal and his Men have place in all publick Cavalcades, at Declaring of War, Proclaiming Peace, publick Entries and Processions made by the Soveraign."
The Knight Marshal was appointed by the Crown for life by letters patent under the great seal frequently in the form of grants in reversion. Board wages were fixed at £21 5s 10d in 1662. In 1685 a salary of £26 was provided. This was raised to £500 in 1790 but reduced to £271 in 1816.
The separate office of Knight Marischal exists in the Royal Household of Scotland, but has not been filled since 1863.

The Mannings of Downe Court Kent

The Mannings were the most distinguished of the earlier families of Downe. They are described by Edward Hasted to come from Mannheim in Saxony, and to have come to England before the Conquest. John Manning died in 1542. His eldest son, George, married in the following year, and his second son, Henry, some twelve years later. The third and fourth sons, John and Richard, lived and worked in London.

Henry Manning was Knight Marshal, or Marshal of the Household, under Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary, and Elizabeth. The Downe parish register records that Margaret, one of Henry's daughters, was baptized on November 30, 1559, ' after ye Queene's visitacon'.
The entry of Margaret's baptism in 1559 is the last referring to Henry and his family in the Downe parish register until that of the death of his wife in 1596. He sold Downe Court in 1560, so that he presumably left Downe for Greenwich in that year. His widow may have come back to end her days at Downe, perhaps with her eldest son Henry, whom she made her executor and heir.
Phillips of Orange Court, whose name runs from the earliest registers included George Phillips who in 1771 established a trust to educate children in the village, this was later supplemented by Sir John William Lubbock 

Downe Court Manor Statutory Listed – Grade 11

There is an early deed referring to Downe Court Manor dated 1287.  The present building dates from around 1690. Years ago it was surrounded by ponds which tend to suggest the original manor house could have been moated.  Sir Thomas Mervyn owned the house in 1518 and was Lord Mayor of London. When he died he left one penny to each prisoner in the London gaols. One time owner was Sir Thomas Smyth who was governor of the East India Company and Treasurer of the Virginia Company.

Another owner was Henry Manning Marshal of the Household under Henry V111 and Queen Elizabeth is believed to have attended the christening of his daughter Margaret in 1559.  Parish Register records the ceremony took place ‘after ye Queene’s visitation’.

Then came Jacob Verzillini an Italian from Murano, near Venice who took over a glass-making factory in Crutched Friars in London around 1571.  He was granted a 21-year licence to make drinking glasses providing he taught his skills to Englishmen and did not import the glasses.

He was very successful and bought quite a lot of property in the area. There may be as many as nine of his glasses remaining.  V and A has one so does the British Museum. Windsor Castle and another at Cambridge and several are abroad.  One was dropped at auction.  When he died he bequeathed ‘cloth to 6d a yard for a new coat for all villagers to attend my funeral’.

Downe Hall –Locally Listed

There has been a building on this site since 1290.  Originally named after Richard Godarde the building was named ‘Goddards’. Sold to the Manning family in the 14th century.  It was originally of flint and stone and some windows were made of horn.  The Mannings were the oldest and most distinguished family in Downe. Some were among the first to emigrate to America where even today there is theManning Association.

According to the Hearth Tax in 1645 there were 8 taxable hearths.  The largest number in the village.  After the Carew family came the Sandys, the last of whom died in 1694, and in 1698 Sandys widow married the Earl of Eglintoun – she was 96 at the time.

Sir Henry Manning Knight Marshall of the Household To King Henry VIII

Henry Manning (Marshall of the Household) [Parents] was born in <1524> in of Downe, Kent, England. He died in <1593> in England. He married Catherine Kirkener.
Catherine Kirkener [Parents] was born in <1524> in East Greenwich, Kent, England. She died < >. She married Henry Manning (Marshall of the Household).
They had the following children:
FiMildred Fortune Manning
FiiMargaret Manning
MiiiThomas Manning was born on 28 Mar 1556 in Down, Kent, England. He died on 20 May 1591.
MivHenry Manning
Henry lived in Downe and East Greenwich, Kent and London. He worked for a while as a young man as an armor maker, probably in the shop of his father in law, Erasmus Kirkener, at East Greenwich. Under the expenses of Henry VIII for Sep 1531 is an item of £8.19 to 'Henry Maynering for making the king's arms'.
Symon is the earliet known ancestor of the Manning family of Kent. The Mannings are said to be descended from an ancient and noble family which took its name from Manning, a town in Saxony, from whence they came into England before the Norman Conquest. Also, some of them are said to have settled in Friesland. John Silvester of Westerham demised land to Simon De Manning in the 14th year of King Richard I (1202). Simon De Manning is supposed to have been engaged in the holy war against the Saracens under King Richard I, that is, the Third Crusade, 1189 to 1192. Simon De Manning died in the time ofKing Henry III (1216-1272).
The Visitation pedigree of the Manning family has Henry's grandfather, Hugh, married to the aunt of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, that is, a daughter of Sir William Brandon. No documentary evidence of this marriage or any relationship can be found. Probably there was some more remote relationship that gave rise to the legend. If true, she would have to have been one of the two Margarets, daughters of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Wingfield, and there would have been a royal lineage thru the Wingfields. Hugh and his wife died early and that helps explain the lack of records for them.
His father, John Manning was the eldest son, and is said to have first married Thomasina Trady by whom he had one son; and second to Agnes Petley, who gave him four sons and one daughter, Joan. He is the first of the Mannings who, in the
several deeds relating to land transactions, is specified as of Downe. He is
also styled YOEMAN.
Immediately after the death of his father in law, he succeeded to the office of Queen's Brigander, (Chief Armourer, thereby keeping the office in the family. About 1566 Dame Anne Parry, widow of Sir Thomas Parry, knight, assigned to Henry Manning, gentleman, the office of Keeper of the Royal Park at Greenwich, in Kent. She held this benefit for the term of the life ofSir Henry Fermingham. For this, Henry Manning agreed to pay Edward Thomas £11 per year in four installments to be paid at the feasts of the Birth of Our Lord God, The Annunciation of Our Lady, The Nativity of Saint John the Baptist, and Saint Michael the Archangel. For this rent he was to have the fees, commodities, herbage, use and other benefits of the park as long as he so continued. Henry made his payments as agreed until the Feast of Saint Michael the Archangel in 1570. About 12 days before this feast day Sir Fermingham died, ending the patronage apparently originally granted to him. She quickly sought to have the office regranted to herself, but failed in the quest. The office was then granted to Sir George Howard, knight, who must have agreed to continue the lease with Henry Manning, for he thereafter made his payments fo Sir George.Edward Thomas demanded his rents and eventually about 1578 brought suit in the Court of Requests. The outcome of the suit is not recorded (Court of Requests, 26:149) Henry Manning is styled in the Visitation pedigree as 'Marescallus Hospitii'Henry VIIIEdward VI, and Queens Mary and Elizabeth. The Knight Marshal, called MARESCHALUS HOSPITII REGIS, had jurisdiction and Cognizance of all crimes within the royal palace, whereunto one of the partied is the King's servant. He is one of the Judges of the court called MARSHALSEA or MARSHAL-SEAT of Judicature, which is held in Southwark, and had there a prision belonging to the same. Upon solumn occassions he rides before the King with a short Baston tipt at both ends with gold, and had six Provosts Marshals or Virgers in scarlet coates to wait on him, and to take care of the Royal Palace, that no beggars, vagabonds, common women that prostitute their bodkies, malefactor, etc. come within or near the court.
Henry and his brother George were granted arms and a crest on 20 Apr 1577. George Manning married Joan Walls, on 13 Aug 1540 in Downe, Kent, England. His will, written 30 April 1583, proved 16 May 1583, mentions his wife, Joan, and sons,ThomasJohnGeorgeWilliam and PeterGeorge and William "Should be sent to writing school for one year, then apprenticed for eight years and then receive 50 pounds each". Thomas and John "should be given 50 pounds when their apprenticeship expires". He mentions his daughters, Elizabeth GreeneAnne BrownhallCatherine UnderhillJoan Welch,Dorothy and PhebeDorothy was to get £30 when she married. Phebe was to be sent to school under the tuition of Dorothyduring the term of six years and was to receive £30 when she married. He mentions brothers, John and Henry. The overseers of the will were Richard BrownhallHugh Underhill, and Griffin Greene.

Henry's daughters were well married. Margaret married first to Henry Ludlow and secondly to Thomas Howard, first Viscount BindonAnne married Joshua Aylmer, who was steward to Thomas Howard, his wife's brother-in-law. Dorothy married Edward Heydon of Maiden Bradley, Wiltshire, Gentleman. Mildred married Thomas Whitfield.

Name: Henry Manning Marshall Of The Household Born: Abt 1524 at Of, Downe, Kent, England Married: at England Died: 1593 at England
Father: John Manning Mother: Agnes Petley
Name: Catherine Kirkener
Born: Abt 1524 at East Greenwich, Kent Died:
Born: Abt 1562 Died: 1 Sep 1627 Husband: Thomas Whitfield Born: 1559 Died: 1635 Husband: Thomas Howard Viscount Bindon 1st
Name: Thomas Manning
Born: 28 Mar 1556 at Down, Kent Died: 20 May 1591 Born: 29 May 1557 at Down, Kent Died: Wife: Joyce Da